Go con Ejemplos: Worker Pools

In this example we’ll look at how to implement a worker pool using goroutines and channels.

package main
import "fmt"
import "time"

Here’s the worker, of which we’ll run several concurrent instances. These workers will receive work on the jobs channel and send the corresponding results on results. We’ll sleep a second per job to simulate an expensive task.

func worker(id int, jobs <-chan int, results chan<- int) {
    for j := range jobs {
        fmt.Println("worker", id, "processing job", j)
        time.Sleep(time.Second)
        results <- j * 2
    }
}
func main() {

In order to use our pool of workers we need to send them work and collect their results. We make 2 channels for this.

    jobs := make(chan int, 100)
    results := make(chan int, 100)

This starts up 3 workers, initially blocked because there are no jobs yet.

    for w := 1; w <= 3; w++ {
        go worker(w, jobs, results)
    }

Here we send 9 jobs and then close that channel to indicate that’s all the work we have.

    for j := 1; j <= 9; j++ {
        jobs <- j
    }
    close(jobs)

Finally we collect all the results of the work.

    for a := 1; a <= 9; a++ {
        <-results
    }
}

Our running program shows the 9 jobs being executed by various workers. The program only takes about 3 seconds despite doing about 9 seconds of total work because there are 3 workers operating concurrently.

$ time go run worker-pools.go 
worker 1 processing job 1
worker 2 processing job 2
worker 3 processing job 3
worker 1 processing job 4
worker 2 processing job 5
worker 3 processing job 6
worker 1 processing job 7
worker 2 processing job 8
worker 3 processing job 9
real	0m3.149s

Siguiente ejemplo: Rate Limiting.