Go con Ejemplos: Signals

Sometimes we’d like our Go programs to intelligently handle Unix signals. For example, we might want a server to gracefully shutdown when it receives a SIGTERM, or a command-line tool to stop processing input if it receives a SIGINT. Here’s how to handle signals in Go with channels.

package main
import "fmt"
import "os"
import "os/signal"
import "syscall"
func main() {

Go signal notification works by sending os.Signal values on a channel. We’ll create a channel to receive these notifications (we’ll also make one to notify us when the program can exit).

    sigs := make(chan os.Signal, 1)
    done := make(chan bool, 1)

signal.Notify registers the given channel to receive notifications of the specified signals.

    signal.Notify(sigs, syscall.SIGINT, syscall.SIGTERM)

This goroutine executes a blocking receive for signals. When it gets one it’ll print it out and then notify the program that it can finish.

    go func() {
        sig := <-sigs
        fmt.Println()
        fmt.Println(sig)
        done <- true
    }()

The program will wait here until it gets the expected signal (as indicated by the goroutine above sending a value on done) and then exit.

    fmt.Println("awaiting signal")
    <-done
    fmt.Println("exiting")
}

When we run this program it will block waiting for a signal. By typing ctrl-C (which the terminal shows as ^C) we can send a SIGINT signal, causing the program to print interrupt and then exit.

$ go run signals.go
awaiting signal
^C
interrupt
exiting

Siguiente ejemplo: Exit.