Go con Ejemplos: Line Filters

A line filter is a common type of program that reads input on stdin, processes it, and then prints some derived result to stdout. grep and sed are common line filters.

Here’s an example line filter in Go that writes a capitalized version of all input text. You can use this pattern to write your own Go line filters.

package main
import (
    "bufio"
    "fmt"
    "os"
    "strings"
)
func main() {

Wrapping the unbuffered os.Stdin with a buffered scanner gives us a convenient Scan method that advances the scanner to the next token; which is the next line in the default scanner.

    scanner := bufio.NewScanner(os.Stdin)

Text returns the current token, here the next line, from the input.

    for scanner.Scan() {
        ucl := strings.ToUpper(scanner.Text())

Write out the uppercased line.

        fmt.Println(ucl)
    }

Check for errors during Scan. End of file is expected and not reported by Scan as an error.

    if err := scanner.Err(); err != nil {
        fmt.Fprintln(os.Stderr, "error:", err)
        os.Exit(1)
    }
}

To try out our line filter, first make a file with a few lowercase lines.

$ echo 'hello'   > /tmp/lines
$ echo 'filter' >> /tmp/lines

Then use the line filter to get uppercase lines.

$ cat /tmp/lines | go run line-filters.go
HELLO
FILTER

Siguiente ejemplo: Command-Line Arguments.